Foods that Contain Natural Estrogens
Alfalfa Animal flesh Anise seed Apples Baker's yeast Barley Beets Carrots Cherries Chickpeas Clover Cowpeas (black-eyed peas) Cucumbers Dairy Foods Dates Eggs Eggplant Fennel Flaxseeds Garlic Hops Licorice Oats Olive oil Olives Papaya Parsley Peas Peppers Plums Pomegranates Potatoes Pumpkin Red beans Red clover Rhubarb Rice Sage Sesame seeds Soybean sprouts Soybeans Split peas Sunflower seeds Tomatoes Wheat Yams
Soybeans, and soy derivatives have large amounts of natural estrogens. Interestingly enough, soy sauce is not a major source of phytoestrogens.
Flaxseed, pulses, citrus fruits, wheat, licorice, alfalfa, fennel and celery also have fairly large amounts of natural estrogens.
List of Sources:
1. Some photos used above are from www.corbis.com
2. Andersson AM, Skakkebaek NE. Exposure to exogenous estrogens in food: possible impact on human development and health. Eur J Endocrinol. 1999 Jun;140(6):477-85. National Library of Medicine Pubmed. Accessed 10/17/2003
This article looks at exposure to estrogens in food. It also speaks about exposure to estrogens in animal products.
3. Drug Companies Using Food Ingredients to Supply Estrogen. Medicinalfoodnews.com Accessed 10/17/2003
This is a great site for finding out about research on medicinal properties of foods.
4.Food and Estrogen. Holisticonline.com Accessed 10/17/2003
This site has a great list of natural estrogen sources, one of the most comprehensive on the web.
5. W. Mazur and H Aldercreutz. Natural and anthropogenic environmental oestrogens: the scientific basis for risk assessment*Naturally occurring oestrogens in food. Department of Clinical Chemistry, Folkkalsan Research Center. University of Helsinki,
6. Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M. Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1998 Mar;217(3):369-78. Accessed 10/17/2003