Acrylamide

Characteristics

Uses

Environmental Transport

Environmental Deposition

Methods for Monitoring in the Environment

Methods for Monitoring Human Exposure

Safeguards Against Acrylamide Exposure

Primary Sources of Data


Harmful Effects

Dose Response

Absorption, Distribution and Metabolism

Primary Sites for Toxicity

Biomarkers

Mechanism of Action

Risk Assessment and Management

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Acrylamide Policy

Introduction to Policy

Decision Makers and Stakeholders

Current Policy

Policy Recommendations


References

SAFEGUARDS AGAINST ACRYLAMIDE EXPOSURE

Based on the information presented in the Fate and Transport of acrylamide, it is clear that in a completely homeostatic environment, acrylamide’s residency in the natural environment is minimal. Certain regional variables may however affect and in some cases delay the break down of inert polyacylamide to acrylamide.

Strategies for Prevention

Water exposure:
Acrylamide’s most dangerous pathway to humans is in its aqueous state. The EPA has set Maximum Contaminant Levels established for public water treatment to 0.05ppb. In the event of a release above this level, notification to the public and alternate water supplies are provided.
Foods:
Carbohydrate based foods containing asparagines when combined with certain sugars have been shown to produce acrylamide. Cereals in particular have higher than recommended levels of acrylamide.

Industry has made attempts to reduce acrylamide levels by changing processing and production methods as well as analytical methods for detection.

Occupational:
Individuals employed in facilitys that actively produce acrylamide or polyacrylamide should take an active stance in personal protection from these volatile compounds. Aerosolized powdered acrylamide may commonly occur in the polymerization process and should be safeguarded against by wearing an appropriate respirator.